Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetic Foot Care

For patients who live with diabetes a lot of attention is focused on care of their feet. This may make you may think that problems with your feet are inevitable. This is not the case, you can prevent or minimise most issues that may arise from diabetes with an easy daily routine. We can give you advice and an individual plan for looking after your feet and keeping them healthy. It is true that having diabetes means paying more attention to your feet, you must protect your feet from infection and the potentially serious side effects.

Diabetes effects the entire body it can cause many problems in the feet. In a diabetic patient they produce less insulin than in a normal patient, the insulin is used by the body to break down sugars within the body. With less insulin there is elevated amounts of  sugar in the blood. There are two types of diabetes, type 1 or juvenile onset this is generally the more dangerous type as patients develop this at a very young age and hence there is longer for the effects of diabetes to be felt, this type is generally treated with injections of insulin. Type 2 or late onset diabetes is generally developed later in life and is generally controlled with medication or diet.

 

Diabetic Foot Care

With time diabetes can cause damage to peripheral nerves such as those in the feet, this may lead to peripheral neuropathy or loss of sensation. It is very important that a patients peripheral sensation is tested by a Podiatrist on a regular basis. Peripheral neuropathy means that if a patient gets a small sharp object in their shoe the foot might be damaged without the knowledge of the patient, leaving an open wound with high blood sugar this is a site that is potentially prone to infection. Diabetes also affects the circulation mainly in small vessels such as those found in the feet, this can obviously lead to reduced healing. Foot ulcers are also common in diabetic patients as they have a reduced ability to heal. If a diabetic patient develops an ulcer it can take months for the ulcer to heal which can leave them prone to infections.